Are you familiar with the term, "Intrauterine Growth Restriction" or IUGR? Several incredible parents are working to raise awareness of IUGR on March 13, 2014, and have declared it 'Intrauterine Growth Restriction Awareness Day.'
As a former congressional staffer and a mother to a premature IUGR baby born at 28 weeks, weighing one pound, eight ounces, IUGR Awareness Day has significant meaning to my family.
For Washingtonians who prefer to speak and read materials in legislative terms, I've decided to outline what IUGR is using traditional Capitol Hill writing style:
Expressing support for designation of March 13, 2014 as National Intrauterine Growth Restriction Awareness Day'
Whereas intrauterine growth restriction occurs when there is reduced fetal physical growth during gestation;
Whereas the most common definition used for intrauterine growth restriction is fetal weight below the 10th percentile for gestational age, meaning that the fetus weighs less than 90 percent of all fetuses that age;
Where as many intrauterine growth-restricted babies are also considered to be small for gestational age, meaning that the baby weighs less than 750 grams (or one pound, 10 ounces);
Whereas intrauterine growth restriction has a prevalence of 10 percent for all pregnancies;
Whereas intrauterine growth restricted pregnancies are often complicated by a high rate of antepartum and intrapartum fetal distress and the need for cesarean delivery;
Whereas most intrauterine growth restricted babies are born prematurely and require extended Neonatal Intensive Care Unit stays;
Whereas the majority of intrauterine growth restricted babies have underdeveloped lungs or poor pulmonary function;
Whereas intrauterine growth restricted babies often require supplemental oxygen dependency, or other breathing assistance, and enteral and parenteral nutrition;
Whereas many intrauterine growth restricted babies endure long-term complications, including gastrointestinal reflux, feeding disorders, developmental delays, neurological impairments, learning disabilities, and eye problems, such as Retinopathy of Prematurity;
Whereas intrauterine growth restriction may be caused by insufficiency of the placenta, chromosomal or other congenital abnormalities, high blood pressure, infections of the mother and the fetus, malnutrition, smoking, drugs, alcohol;
Whereas, the cause of intrauterine growth restriction is often unknown;
Whereas, having multiples may increase the chance that a mother will develop intrauterine growth restriction;
Whereas the date of March 13, 2014 would be an appropriate date to designate as 'Intrauterine Growth Restriction Awareness Day': Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That parents, families, and friends who have been impacted by intrauterine growth restriction--
(1) support the designation of 'Intrauterine Growth Restriction Awareness Day';
(2) declare that steps should be taken to--
(A) raise awareness of and increase public knowledge about intrauterine growth restriction;
(B) disseminate information on the importance of good neonatal care for intrauterine growth restricted patients;
(D) promote good prenatal care and the use of ultrasounds to detect intrauterine growth restriction in utero; and
(E) encourage research on intrauterine growth restriction in order to discover its causes, develop treatments, and find a cure; and
(3) call on the people of the United States, interest groups, and affected persons to--
(A) promote awareness of intrauterine growth restriction;
(B) take an active role in the fight against intrauterine growth restriction; and
(C) observe Intrauterine Growth Restriction Awareness Day with appropriate activities, including participation in a virtual 5K.